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Serious Impairment of Bodily Function
In 2010, the state of Michigan enacted revisions to its drunk driving laws that included a new charge called Moving Violation Causing Serious Impairment of a Body Function (MVCSIBF). This charge is a misdemeanor that carries a sentence of up to 93 days in jail and a $500 fine.
A conviction is also punishable by a one-year suspension of your driver's license, six points on your driving record, and a $1,000 driver responsibility fee, which you will have to pay for two years. It is, therefore, important for a person to contact a Michigan DUI attorney to help combat these penalties.What Constitutes MVCSIBF?
In order to convict you of Moving Violation Causing Serious Impairment of a Body Function, the prosecution must prove the following elements:
- you committed a moving violation
- the victim sustained a serious impairment of a bodily function
- the moving violation you committed was a cause of the victim's injury
Michigan state law defines "serious impairment of a body function" as follows:
- loss of a limb or its use
- loss of a hand, foot, finger, or their usage
- loss of an ear or eye or their usage
- serious visible disfigurement
- measurable brain or mental impairment
- fracture of the skull or another bone
- subdural hemorrhage or hematoma
- organ loss
Michigan case law has further broadened these statutory definitions and thereby increased the types of injuries that might qualify as creating a serious impairment. You can also be charged with MVCSIBF if the victim is in a comatose state for three or more days as a result of the accident.MVCSIBF in Conjunction With OWI
On its own, a Moving Violation Causing Serious Impairment of a Body Function is a misdemeanor charge. However, if the driver was operating the vehicle while intoxicated, the MVCSIBF charge may be elevated to a felony. The maximum penalty for conviction of felony MVCSIBF is five years in prison, a fine of anywhere from $1,000 to $5,000, and all applicable driving sanctions. There are also enhanced penalties for a BAC over .17.