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Federal Conspiracy

For all intents and purposes, federal conspiracy laws are based on the notion that schemes to commit crimes are as reprehensible as the underlying crime itself. Because conspiracy is such a unique offense, there may be several potential defenses that apply to your case.

If you are facing federal conspiracy charges, it is absolutely crucial that you work with an experienced federal defense attorney. Speak to a Michigan federal conspiracy lawyer who can build a solid case for you.

Federal Conspiracy Law

A conspiracy is (1) an agreement (2) between two or more persons to commit a criminal offense. Conspiracy is an inchoate offense, meaning that a successful completion of the underlying criminal objective is not required to obtain a conspiracy conviction.

For prosecution purposes, it does not matter if a member of the conspiracy is not aware of all of the details of a scheme or that the person only played a minor role in the plot.

There are over a dozen criminal conspiracy statutes contained in the United States Code. Only some of the criminal conspiracy statutes require that the prosecution prove that one of the conspirators committed an overt act in furtherance of the conspiracy to obtain a conviction.

Even when a statute does not explicitly require an overt act, its existence is generally significant for evidentiary and procedural reasons.

Although there are many nuanced and substantive differences among these statutes, there are some general principles that apply to all federal conspiracy laws. Namely, that members of a conspiracy are answerable for any foreseeable crimes committed by their co-conspirators in furtherance of the common plot and that statements by one conspirator are admissible evidence against all members.

Conspiracy Offenses Under Federal Law

In the federal context, conspiracy is one of the most commonly charged offenses and is one of the primary ways prosecutors target terrorism, organized crime, drug trafficking, and corporate fraud. Some of the most commonly prosecuted conspiracy offenses are:

  • 18 U.S.C. § 371 – Conspiracy to commit any federal offense or to defraud the United States.
  • 21 U.S.C. § 841 – Conspiracy to violate the Controlled Substances Act.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 286 – Conspiracy to defraud the United States by submission of false claims.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 24 – Conspiracy to commit a federal health care offense.
  • 18 U.S.C. § 1962(d) – Conspiracy to commit a RICO violation

As with any other federal crime, the sentences imposed for a conspiracy conviction will be influenced by the United States Sentencing Guidelines. The penalties for federal conspiracy offenses can vary significantly depending on the underlying substantive crime and the accused's criminal history. For the most part, individuals convicted as conspirators will face the same penalties as someone convicted of the underlying substantive offense.

For example, a conviction under 21 U.S.C. § 841 can result in much harsher sentences because the penalties for drug trafficking apply in equal measure to a conspiracy to traffic. The main exception to this is a conviction under 18 U.S.C. § 371, which is punishable by up to five years in prison and a maximum fine of $250,000. A Michigan federal conspiracy lawyer can attempt to mitigate potential penalties that an individual may face.

Talk To a Federal Conspiracy Attorney

A Michigan federal conspiracy lawyer can be well-versed in federal conspiracy laws and have extensive experience defending individuals against a wide-range of conspiracy charges at the federal level. Call an attorney to learn how they can help develop a personalized defense strategy for your case.

Call Today! FREE Consultation Lawyer and Receive Immediate Attention for Your Criminal Law Case Patrick T. Barone is a Michigan Super Lawyer, who has maintained continuous top attorney ratings since 2007. In addition, the Michigan native is the author of multiple books on OWI, DUI and criminal law. The OUIL attorney near me has lectured at over 80 legal seminars all over America. He leads Barone Defense Firm in providing aggressive legal warriors for each client's criminal case.

Contact us 24 hours a day at our law firm’s easy to remember toll-free number, 1-877-ALL-MICH or 877-255-6424, for a free criminal case review. The Michigan attorneys near me at Barone Defense Firm travel the entire Great Lakes State, to help citizens in legal trouble in Michigan for alleged criminal law violations.

For your FREE lawyer consultation, call today to learn how to protect yourself from a possible unwarranted conviction. What do you have to lose, when the free legal advice with our litigation team’s criminal lawyers near me can answer many tough questions?

Client Reviews
Patrick Barone is the ONLY choice for DUI defense. He was realistic from the start and made it a point to look at my case before taking my money. As a business owner, when I think of attorneys, I think of the "shark infested waters. Patrick is a shark alright, but his prey is not the client; it's justice for his client. Ten stars Patrick!! Chris F.
Attorney Patrick Barone was very helpful and helped me understand the charge and sentence absolutely clearly. He also guided me through step by step helping me form a statement. His instructions were clear and detailed. It was obvious he cared about me understanding every important detail within my case. I would absolutely recommend this defense firm to anyone in need. Aaron B.
The Barone Defense Firm is the firm I recommend. They are truly concerned about the person, not just the legal issue, but the person as well. They are the most knowledgeable defense firm that I am aware of, having actually written the book on DWI Defense. If you are faced with a DWI you will not find a more professional and skilled law firm. But, most importantly, they care about how the accused individual recovers his or her life when the case is complete. Very remarkable group of lawyers. William H.