In Michigan all persons accused of a crime have certain due process rights. There rights arise out of the Michigan and United States Constitutions, and these Constitutional due process rights are instantiated in Michigan’s criminal procedure. What follows is a brief overview of felony criminal procedure in Michigan. If you are charged with a felony in Michigan, then you should discuss each of these steps with a criminal defense lawyer near me so you understand the purpose of all of these due process rights and can make well informed decisions about how to proceed.
Initial Arraignment on the Complaint
A criminal case in Michigan will begin with the authorization of a complaint and the issuance of a warrant. The complaint is the charging document that sets forth the specific criminal law that the government claims has been violated. The warrant is the order that requires the appearance of the accused in court for the arraignment on the complaint. After the arraignment the warrant is set aside, and a bond is set. In very serious cases the prosecutor may request no bond, but that is rare. In the majority of cases a cash bond will be set, along with conditions of bond that must be followed if the accused is able to post bond. In less serious cases the court may order a “personal recognizance” bond, meaning no money is required to be posted.