Articles Posted in Criminal Evidence

If you are charged with a felony in one of Michigan’s State courts, then you have a right to a preliminary examination. This hearing will take place after your probable cause conference. This probable cause conference must take place within 14 days of the arraignment.

A preliminary examination hearing is a hearing that takes place in the district court. The judge presiding over the hearing decides whether there is enough evidence for the case to proceed to the circuit court.

The main purpose of this hearing is to determine if the prosecutor can establish that there is a reasonable belief the defendant committed the crime in question.

discovery-in-criminal-case-scaled-e1683132062342-300x129In the United States, the discovery process in the criminal justice system is governed by federal and state laws and rules of criminal procedure. For example, Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 16 sets out the requirements for discovery in federal criminal cases. State criminal procedure rules may vary depending on the jurisdiction.

In general, the prosecution in a felony case is required to disclose to the defense any evidence or information that is material to the case. This includes witness statements, police reports, crime scene images, forensic reports, expert witness reports, and other documents. This is known as “disclosure” or “discovery” by the prosecution. The prosecutor must also disclose exculpatory evidence.

The criminal defense attorney is also required to disclose to the prosecution any evidence or information that they plan to use at trial. This also includes witness lists, expert reports, and other documents. This is known as “reciprocal discovery” or “reciprocal disclosure” by the defense. However, attorney work product is protected and not subject to disclosure.

badge-DOJIt can be difficult to know if you are under a federal investigation. However, if you are aware, there are several clues that you are under investigation by the Federal Government. One of them is the receipt of a target letter.

A target letter is a formal notification sent by the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) to inform an individual that they are a target of a federal criminal investigation.

The letter typically provides information about the nature of the investigation. This might include the specific crime or crimes that Government suspects you of committing.

freedom-1886402_1280-300x170If you have reason to believe that you are under investigation for a crime in Michigan, it is in your best interest to seek the advice and representation of an experienced criminal defense lawyer as soon as possible.

You may feel tempted to handle the matter on your own or wait until you have been formally charged with a crime. It is important to understand that the actions you take at this early stage can have a significant impact on the outcome of your criminal case.

If you are being investigated this only means that police officers are using many investigative tools against you as they are building a case. While you may not be facing criminal charges right now, you may well soon be notified that warrant for your arrest has been issued. You are better off hiring a criminal defense attorney now to protect your rights.

Michigan sex laws. To not run afoul of the statutory rape Michigan law, it is critical to review the Michigan “consent” laws. Every state enacts its own rape laws relating to the age at which a female can acquiesce to having sexual relations. Making the mistake of engaging in sexual intercourse can make that older person a sex offender

Michigan age laws. In various aspects of our lives, the Legislative branch of government has enacted laws that are meant to protect young people. An example of this is for laws controlling when teenagers can marry in the Great Lakes State, as well as when they can consume alcoholic beverages.

Michigan statutory rape laws. In Michigan, the statutory rape law is denominated “third degree sexual conduct.” Any person under age 16 cannot consent to have sex. Thus, the burden is on the other person to positively determine a sex participant’s actual age.

Patrick Barone is a Michigan domestic violence lawyer who handles family violence and domesticabuse cases where a personal protection order may be in place.
Like all Americans, even those accused of domestic assault are presumed innocent until proven guilty. Michigan and United States Constitutional laws both require that the government prosecutor prove all of the elements of the alleged criminal charges beyond a reasonable doubt.

If accused of domestic violence in Michigan (or a related domestic battery or assault charge), immediately hire only a highly qualified Michigan criminal defense lawyer. Failing to do so could lead to jail time and long-term consequences.

Almost every client that retains our DV lawyers desires to have a healthy relationship at home, but the pressures of living in today’s turbulent times sometimes leads to an assault of some type. The type of benefit an “anger management” or similar program of re-education may bring to the defense table should not be dismissed as “throwing in the towel.” Some family violence cases can be reduced and other DV case can be dismissed entirely, with the right legal help, even on a second offense DV case.

Jury nullification in Michigan can and does happen, which is when a jury judges the law instead of determining if a defendant is guilty of breraking that law.
Jury nullification occurs when a Michigan jury returns a verdict that is contrary to the law given them by the Judge. In a criminal case, jury nullification occurs when the jury, while believing the accused to be guilty, nevertheless return a verdict of not guilty.

Usually this happens when the jurors either don’t like the MI criminal law in question or don’t believe that the criminal law is being appropriately applied. When a jury does this they are thought to “judge” the law.

Jury Nullification Happened in Dr. Jack Kevorkian Trials

Michigam OWI lawyer Patrick Barone owns Barone Defense Fir m in Birmingham, MI. Here he discusses the age of consent (the legal age that a perron must be to have consensual relation with another human being.Your Michigan defense lawyer may ask you to obtain a character letter for court purposes.  This article explains how to format and write such a letter. You can share a link to this article with those you ask to write such letters.

While there are many suggestions here, what’s missing is a sample character letter or a form character letter.  This is because utilization of a form will cause all character letters to look substantially the same, and this defeats the whole purpose and is counter-productive.  Use of such forms is strictly discouraged.

Character Letters for Use During Plea Negotiations

Michigan domestric violence lawyer Patrick Barone explains the possibility of jail time.Michigan’s criminal charges involving child pornography are rigorously enforced and harshly punished. For this reason, avoiding jail time on a child pornography (or, Child Sexually Abusive Material (CSAM), in Michigan) case can be extremely difficult.

This is true whether the case involves possession, distribution or production of material that includes a child engaging in a sex act of some kind. If you want to avoid jail time for a CSAM charge, then it is important to hire an experienced CSAM child pornography lawyer.

Michigan’s Law Regarding CSAM are Complex

Is marijuana legal in Michigan? Marijuana weed possession laws in different states can be confusing. The drug possession laws in the State of Michigan are no different.

Federal law criminalizes possession of small amount of marijuana, yet a growing number of states only have enacted civil penalties or no penalties at all for those possessing certain amounts and types of marijuana.

This paranoia about controlled substances occurred in the 1970s, during the Nixon Administration. Richard M. Nixon insisted that marijuana had to be classified as a Schedule I drug (which was the most dangerous).

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